3 Home Exercises for Spine Health: Improving Scoliosis in a Month

3 Home Exercises for Spine Health: Improving Scoliosis in a Month

(Albina Gavrilovic/Shutterstock)

Kuo-Pin Wu
Kuo-Pin Wu

4/12/2024

Updated: 4/13/2024

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Scoliosis is a common condition that can lead to chronic and spinal pain and reduced cardiopulmonary function. It may also hurt a person’s self-esteem. In a previous article, I explained scoliosis and its types. In this article, I will delve into the treatment and prevention methods for scoliosis.

4 Treatment Methods for Scoliosis

1. Braces

Back braces are recommended for periods when scoliosis rapidly worsens, especially for children experiencing rapid bone growth and for adults with spinal instability and degeneration after middle age. Their scoliosis may worsen quickly, and braces can help cushion or halt further deterioration of the spinal curvature.
Back braces are not recommended for people whose scoliosis is relatively stable. The main reason for this is that they are limited in effectiveness and may even result in side effects.

2. Pain Management

Pain is likely to occur when scoliosis causes the tissues around the spine to bear asymmetric pressure for an extended period. Severe pain may worsen scoliosis and diminish the effectiveness of spinal correction. At this stage, treating the pain becomes a priority. Of course, using the correct method to address the condition is the fundamental solution.

3. Surgery

The medical consensus suggests that children with thoracic scoliosis exceeding 45 degrees, lumbar scoliosis exceeding 40 degrees, or adults with scoliosis exceeding 50 degrees should undergo scoliosis surgery. However, different ages and surgical approaches may entail different risks, so careful consideration is essential.

4. Exercises

Most exercises focus on enhancing bodily functions rather than bringing about structural changes. For example, they aim to improve muscle strength, flexibility, cardiopulmonary function, and stamina. While these exercises may lead to structural changes such as muscle growth and fat reduction, they do not significantly improve body misalignment or scoliosis degree. These exercises include yoga, stretching, Pilates, weight training, core training, aerobic exercise, swimming, and more.
The most effective exercise programs for improving scoliosis involve actively training the brain to control body movements. This requires precise coordination of different body areas and movements to correct the deviation direction of scoliosis, improve posture, and correct the degree of curvature. These programs, such as the Schroth Method from Germany and the SEAS Method from Italy, require the guidance of a professional spinal correction therapist for assessment and treatment.
Here are three self-correction exercises that can help improve scoliosis. They primarily focus on stimulating and relaxing the muscles and ligaments on both sides of the spine in a balanced manner, as well as loosening the displaced facet joints of the spine. Based on my clinical observation, these exercises have shown some effectiveness in improving scoliosis.

3 Self-Correction Exercises for Scoliosis

1. Cupping-Enhanced Postural Exercise

This exercise utilizes the cupping therapy developed by Dr. Shiyuan Zhong, a Chinese orthopedic expert, and effectively treats structural scoliosis. This exercise relaxes tense muscles and myofascia on both sides of the spine, correcting scoliosis. It also enhances muscle strength, contributing to spinal stability.
Cupping therapy utilizes silicone cups that can be suctioned onto the skin and do not fall off during exercise. Using cupping to lift the muscles in the treatment area can enhance the effectiveness of this spinal health exercise.
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Attach 12 cupping cups to the upper back, lower back, and back of the knees.
[caption id=“attachment_5625087” align=“aligncenter” width=“5000”]Attach 12 cupping cups to the back, lower back, and back of the knees. (The Epoch Times) Attach 12 cupping cups to the back, lower back, and back of the knees. (The Epoch Times)[/caption]
Steps:
  1. Stand with feet shoulder-width apart.
  2. Raise both arms overhead, keeping upper arms parallel to the shoulders, and bend both elbows to 90 degrees.
  3. Lift the right hand to the right upper side while tilting the hips to the left.
  4. Then, lift the left hand to the left upper side while tilting the hips to the right, simultaneously returning the right hand to the original position.
  5. Alternate sides, repeating for about 5 minutes.
This exercise can be done 3 to 5 times a day. While performing it, you can move your elbows up and down to adjust to different positions of the thoracic vertebrae.
I have a patient who has had scoliosis for many years. Their scoliosis improved after following this spinal health exercise and cupping for over a month.

2. Caterpillar Exercise

Lie flat on your back with both arms raised and placed on each side of your head while pressing down with both feet.
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Steps:
  1. Sway your body from side to side like a caterpillar, moving your entire spine back and forth 10 times.
  2. Flex both feet, pointing the toes toward your body.
  3. Perform steps 1 and 2 a total of 5 times.
This exercise helps repair and relax nerves and relieve tension in muscles, myofascia, and joints.

3. Hip Sway Exercise

Lie flat on your back with both legs elevated, place your hands on your waist, and lift your hips off the ground.
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Steps:
  1. Place both hands on the upper edge of the pelvis (around belt level) and use this point as a pivot. Sway your hips from side to side (avoiding vertical movement) 10 times.
  2. Move both hands up by 2 finger widths, then sway your hips from side to side 10 times. Repeat step 1.
  3. Move both hands down by 2 finger widths, then sway your hips from side to side 10 times. Repeat step 1.
This counts as 1 repetition. After completing 3 repetitions, perform step 1 again to complete the exercise. This exercise can be performed 2 to 3 times a day.
This exercise primarily targets local lumbar scoliosis and strengthens the core muscles. It also helps release tension in the muscles, joints, ligaments, and myofascia on both sides of the spine. Patients with long-term lumbar scoliosis have reported improvements in their condition and reduced pressure on the lower back and legs after practicing this exercise for over a week.
Note: Individuals experiencing symptoms of nerve compression may feel mild pain when starting this exercise. It is important to proceed with caution and adjust the intensity accordingly. If the exercise causes excessive pain, consider reducing the repetitions.
Individuals without scoliosis can also perform the three exercises above, as they help maintain spinal health.

6 Habits for Scoliosis Prevention

1. Maintain Good Posture

Poor posture is not a known cause of scoliosis, but addressing or preventing scoliosis progression must begin with posture. Learning how to sit, stand, walk, and move the body correctly is crucial for scoliosis patients and often involves relearning basic movements, much like a baby. Most cases of adult-onset scoliosis are degenerative, and maintaining good posture helps reduce spinal stress, preventing scoliosis formation.

2. Get Moving

It is important not to remain in one posture for too long, as the spine, especially in individuals with scoliosis, is subjected to asymmetrical pressure even in optimal postures. Prolonged periods of writing, reading, or using electronic devices often result in poor posture. Therefore, children must learn and adopt several alternative postures.

3. Monitor Sleeping Posture

Good sleeping posture cannot correct scoliosis, but we must avoid sleeping positions that could worsen it. For instance, sleeping on your stomach is particularly harmful as it increases pressure on the cervical spine and can cause the thoracic spine to sag forward, intensifying asymmetrical pressure and escalating the risk of scoliosis progression. When sleeping on your side, it is best to bend both legs and avoid crossing one leg over the other, as this can result in pelvic tilt and lumbar scoliosis.

4. Avoid Carrying Heavy Objects on Your Back

Supporting the body’s weight is already a significant burden on the spine of scoliosis patients. Carrying heavy loads further accelerates muscle fatigue and increases asymmetrical pressure on the bones and intervertebral discs, worsening the curvature. Given the trend of school bags becoming increasingly heavy for children nowadays, limiting the weight they carry to no more than 10 percent of their body weight is necessary.

5. Limit Certain Types of Exercise

Avoid long-distance running, trampolining, ballet, and rhythmic gymnastics, as they can increase asymmetrical pressure on the spine.
I have a patient who is a high school student and practices gymnastics. Fortunately, she is flexible and adapts quickly. After practicing the caterpillar exercise mentioned above, her scoliosis promptly improved.
While swimming is considered beneficial for scoliosis, patients may inadvertently exert uneven force on both sides of their body. Even the breaststroke, a symmetrical swimming technique, can result in this uneven force. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid competitive swimming training or competition.

6. Ensure Adequate Nutrition

Research has found that underweight individuals with low systemic bone mass are more likely to develop scoliosis. Scoliosis is more common in tall, thin girls, and underweight children often have poor nutrient absorption, which can lead to inadequate calcium intake and potentially low bone mass. Additionally, studies have shown that 27 percent to 38 percent of girls with scoliosis have systemic osteopenia (low bone mass).
Topics:Scoliosis
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Kuo-pin Wu is the superintendent of Taiwan Xinyitang Heart Clinic. In 2008, he started to study traditional Chinese medicine and obtained a bachelor’s degree from China Medical University in Taiwan.

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